- Cognac is French ..
If you want to please someone and offer a cool drink, this is probably the most necessary phrase for the moment, but few know that you start a relationship with a lie?
This could be French:
Alexandre Dumas, but by no means cognac! More precisely, Brandy
Let's start from the beginning!
It all started here with wine as well, after some Georgians came up with the idea and made wine, the Greeks also learned (I do not rule out the golden fleece was not gold, but the technology of making wine - why do you want gold, if you do not have wine? ) and by the end of the old chronology, after conquering the southern territories of France, the ancient Romans, in Provence which in their language meant their subordinate, managed, started cultivating vineyards and producing wine. To develop the fertility of the vine and its special taste properties the limestone and chalky soil in the valley of the Charente river contributed. Rainwater could not reach far, and on sunny days the vines were fed simultaneously with the sun’s rays and water, while whitewashed soil from limestone and chalk reflected the scorching rays of the sun, and the sil remained constantly moist.
Cognac is an old Celtic word and means a surname for lovers of myths
According to legend, in the first century a Roman Celtic Galo Conius settled on a land rich in vines and by the fifth century the place was called Coniacum- and in 1215 the settlement officially received city status and was renamed Cognac.
After Romans follwed:
Capetings . This is where the history of France begins, France which we know.
From the second half of the twelfth century France began to actively develop trading and one of the most demanded products was wine! Because of the lack of sunshine in England and other countries, the vine does not thrive. The Dutch have the most developed merchant fleet at the moment and despite a hundred-year war, Europe is running from head to toe in a whirlpool of trade.
At the beginning of the 17th century the Dutch together with the best fleet, already had a distilling machine, to which they owed their compatriot doctor Francis Sylvie. (Incidentally considered the founder of biochemistry). The problem of exporting the most demanded product wine from France has been a major problem for traders for 5 centuries, as the product could not stand being on a ship and arrived at its destination acidified and sour, not to mention the absolute loss of taste properties of this magical liquid. By this time the Dutch had already begun distilling one of the species of jenever, gin, in their own country, which was mainly made from grain raw materials and then stored in wooden casks, which also simplified its transportation. Suddenly the French raised taxes on wine exports and the two Dutch merchant brothers were in fact in danger of bankruptcy because there were no state subsidy programs at the time, the brothers began to think of a solution, deciding to distill a large quantity of purchased French wine like the distillery of jenever (gin), which would reduce its volume and consequently have to pay less, dilute the obtained liquid with water after transportation, they would return the wine consistency and sell it just like French wine ... Nonsense - Aut. Note ... The obtained liquid was poured into oak casks and while delivering it to the destination, the customer, who had paid the advance in French wine, liked the taste of the liquid enriched with oak casks so much that he categorically refused to dilute it with water. That’s how Brandwin came about! The etymology of the word derives from the German and English languages and it means burned, distilled wine. Buying the simplest brand of distilled wine was from the valley of the Charente River, as merchants entered ships and boats from the sea to the city of Cognac without any problems, which did not increase the cost of the product and the first wine brand for Dutch merchants was made in Cognac.
In the meantime, this adventurous liquid invented by the Dutch hit the table of King Louis XIV of France and deserved the king's mercy. The wine brandy was mixed with water and consumed in small sips throughout the evening. At the Royal Court the price of the brandy and the volume of exports increased simultaneously, though soon in 1701 a war broke out between France and England. To export the liquid prepared in oak casks was delayed in ports for a long time because the French ships and ports were blocked by the English fleet. After opening the casks, it was found that the aging of the liquid in the oak neutralized its pungent taste and completely mixed with the oak aromas. Thus arose the method of its aging.
In principle, for Georgians it was not important what the Dutch invented and what the French appropriated, the main thing was in Versailles, they did not lag behind Ludovico and immediately had the trendiest drink.
Of course, they thought about it the fastest in Kutaisi!
The first Georgian wine brandy, specifically in Kutaisi, was bottled by Georgian entrepreneur and scientist Giorgi Bolkvadze. He was born in Kutaisi, he visited in Istanbul, Germany and France while studying. He completed his education in Greece and returned to Kutaisi and opened the first liqueur-vodka factory in the Transcaucasia in 1860. The company was called "Bolkvadze and KO". He also had a wholesale point in the factory warehouse to sell his products. The raw material from which intense drinks were made was Georgian. Along with the Georgian wine brandy, many kinds of liqueur, rum, medicinal and bitter vodka were made in the factory. Bolkvadze Enterprise, at that time was the only well-maintained and modern production in Georgia.
The trademark - Eagle - has been owned since 1873 and the Russian-language monogram of the surname and first name "GBK" - from 1865. In the second half of the 19th century, in particular in 1865, this business was called "Meconiakoba" and the product was produced under the name "Caucasian Natural Cognac". So, they did not lag behind! In 1878, the first Georgian wine brandy produced by Bolkvadze won a gold medal at the Paris International Exhibition. The drinks created by Giorgi Bolkvadze have received more than 100 awards, including 49 gold and silver medals. "Natural Caucasian Cognac won 23 medals and the so-called product produced under the name "Older than old Cognac" received American recognition, in Philadelphia in 1876 it was recognized as the best soft drink. In fact, this is where the history of the Georgian wine brandy begins - a history of success.